Italian FARE: uses and conjugation of one of the most important Italian verbs

Italian fare

Today we are going to talk about one of the most important verbs in Italian: FARE (to do). 

First of all, you have to remember that the verb fare is irregular. Moreover, it is a transitive verb, i.e. it requires the presence of a direct object in order to have a complete meaning (for example, fare la spesa – to do the shopping). Like all transitive verbs, the verb fare uses the auxiliary avere in the compound tenses.

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FARE CONJUGATION

After discovering in the previous lessons how to conjugate regular verbs ending in ARE, let’s now look at the main verb tenses of the irregular verb fare (to do) in the indicative mood.

PRESENTE

IMPERFETTO

PASSATO PROSSIMO

PASSATO REMOTO

FUTURO

Io faccioIo facevoIo ho fattoIo feciIo farò
Tu faiTu faceviTu hai fattoTu facestiTu farai
Lui/Lei faLui/Lei facevaLui/Lei ha fattoLui/Lei feceLui/Lei farà
Noi facciamoNoi facevamoNoi abbiamo fattoNoi facemmoNoi faremo
Voi fateVoi facevateVoi avete fattoVoi facesteVoi farete
Loro fannoLoro facevanoLoro hanno fattoLoro feceroLoro faranno

USES OF FARE IN ITALIAN

The verb fare in Italian is very important because it is used in so many different situations. Today we want to show you how this verb has a special meaning when it is followed by some specific words.

Fare is usually translated in English with the verb “to do” but, as you can see in the following phrases, in other cases it is translated with other verbs (“to have”, “to take”, “to make”, etc.).

Here is a list of the different uses of Italian FARE. The following phrases translated into English will help you understand the different meanings this verb can have depending on the word it is used with.

Everyday actions and household chores:

fare conjugation

  • Fare colazione (to have breakfast)
  • Fare/Farsi la doccia (to have a shower)
  • Fare/Farsi il bagno (to take a bath)
  • Farsi la barba (to shave)
  • Fare/Rifare il letto (to make the bed)
  • Fare le pulizie (to do the cleaning)
  • Fare il bucato/la lavatrice (to do the laundry/to run the washing machine)
  • Fare la lavastoviglie (to run the dishwasher)
  • Fare la spesa (to do the shopping)

Leisure time actions:

verb fare in Italian

  • Fare spese/shopping (to shop/to go shopping)
  • Fare un giro/una passeggiata (to go for a walk)
  • Fare una gita (to go on a trip)
  • Fare un riposino/un pisolino (to take a nap)

Other verb phrases with FARE: 

phrases with fare

  • Fare la valigia (to pack the suitcase)
  • Fare un viaggio (to take a trip/to travel)
  • Fare una festa (to make a party)
  • Fare un regalo (to buy/to give a gift)
  • Fare gli auguri (to wish sb sth)
  • Fare una sorpresa (to make a surprise)
  • Fare una foto (to take a photo)
  • Fare le ore piccole (to stay out late)
  • Fare una pausa (to take a break)
  • Fare un sogno/un incubo (to take a dream/a nightmare)
  • Fare un esame (to take an exam)
  • Fare i compiti (to do homework)
  • Fare un favore (to do a favour)
  • Fare un errore (to make a mistake)
  • Fare una telefonata (to make a phone call)

⚠️ REMEMBER! ⚠️

Sometimes the verb fare can be replaced by other verbs without changing the meaning of the sentence, e.g. instead of fare la valigia you can say preparare la valigia.

Finally, you should know that there is a construction with the verb fare which is very common in Italian:

ITALIAN FARE + INFINITIVE

This construction is used when the subject of a sentence does not perform a certain action, but makes someone else perform it. For example:

  • Io chiudo la porta (I close the door) – The subject of the sentence performs the action.
  • Io faccio chiudere la porta allo studente (I make the student close the door) – The subject of the sentence does not perform the action, but someone else does.

We hope you found this lesson on the Italian verb fare useful.

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EXERCISES: 

Fill in the blank with the correct answer

1. Ogni mattina Marta ____ con pane e marmellata. 

2. Sabato è il compleanno di Diego. Gli dobbiamo ____.

3. Ieri sera siamo andati a ballare e abbiamo ____.

4. Mi puoi prestare il cellulare? Devo ____.

5. Oggi non posso uscire perché devo ____.

6. Quest’estate vorrei ____ in un paese lontano. 

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